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Question: give the brief summary of the1987 Constitution of the philippines
The 1987 Constitution of the Philippines, also known as the "Constitution of the Fifth Republic," is the fundamental law of the Philippines enacted on February 2, 1987. It was drafted by the Constitutional Commission, which was appointed by the late President Corazon Aquino after the 1986 People Power Revolution that marked the end of Ferdinand Marcos' regime. The Constitution consists of a preamble and 18 articles, outlining the structure and function of the Philippine government, as well as the rights and duties of the Filipino citizens. Here is a brief overview of the Constitution: 1. Preamble - States the purpose of the Constitution, which is to promote unity, justice, freedom, and democracy among the Filipino people. 2. Article I - Defines and outlines the national territory of the Philippines. 3. Article II - Enumerates the declaration of principles and state policies guiding the government. 4. Article III - Proclaims the Bill of Rights which guarantees individual liberties and rights, such as freedom of speech, and protection from arbitrary arrest and imprisonment. 5. Article IV - Establishes the rules regarding Philippine citizenship and the rights and duties of citizens. 6. Article V - Provides the minimum requirements and processes for suffrage, or the exercise of the right to vote. 7. Article VI - Describes the structure and powers of the bicameral Congress, composed of the Senate and the House of Representatives. 8. Article VII - Defines the qualifications, powers, and duties of the executive branch, headed by the President and Vice President. 9. Article VIII - Outlines the structure, power, and responsibilities of the judiciary, led by the Supreme Court. 10. Article IX - Deals with the constitutional commissions such as Civil Service Commission, Commission on Elections, and Commission on Audit, which have specific duties and functions to ensure checks and balances in the government. 11. Article X - Provides for the structure and autonomy of local government units and the creation of autonomous regions. 12. Article XI - Focuses on the principles of public accountability and the establishment of the impeachment process for public officials. 13. Article XII - Details the national economy and social justice, addressing issues like land reform, natural resources regulation, and protection of the rights of indigenous groups. 14. Article XIII - Covers the role of the state in promoting social justice and human rights, including labor, urban land reform, and the recognition of the role of NGOs in nation-building. 15. Article XIV - Deals with education, science, technology, arts, and sports, including the promotion of indigenous languages and the propagation of intellectual property rights protection. 16. Article XV - Relates to the Filipino family and the state's duty to strengthen it as the foundation of the nation. 17. Article XVI - Covers general provisions, such as the maintenance of a citizen armed force, the protection of the state against nuclear weapons, and rules around the use of the Philippine flag and national anthem. 18. Article XVIII - Provides the process for constitutional amendments and transitory provisions that detail the steps towards implementing the Constitution. In summary, the 1987 Constitution of the Philippines sets the framework for the country's government and society, laying out its fundamental principles, values, rights, and duties to ensure a free, democratic, and just society.
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