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Question: what is 1986 constitution of the philippines
The 1986 Constitution of the Philippines, also known as the "Constitution of the Fifth Republic," is the present Constitution of the Philippines. It was ratified on February 2, 1986, following the 1986 People's Power Revolution which toppled the dictatorship of Ferdinand Marcos and installed Corazon Aquino as the new president. This Constitution restored democratic rule in the country, emphasizing civil liberties, human rights, and institutional checks and balances. It consists of a preamble and 18 self-contained articles with systematic provision for government structures, enumerating specific policies toward essential aspects of nation-building including social justice, human rights, research and education, and foreign policy. Key tenets of the 1986 Constitution include: the separation of powers among three branches of government, defined roles and procedures for legislative, executive, and judiciary branches, guidelines for the formation of political parties, and strong focus on human rights and their protection. The president serves as both the head of state and head of government and is directly elected by the people. The Constitution also includes certain democratic guarantees like the equal protection of laws, the right to freedom of speech and press, and the separation of church and state. This constitution is the fundamental law of the Philippines and serves as the guidepost for the government and the people on how the country should be governed.
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