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Empowering Peter: Effective Mathematics Intervention Strategies for Students with ADHD


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Question: Peter is a 12-year-old, fifth grade student with ADHD. Peter’s reading and math skills are two years below his grade level. Peter is repeating the grade, however, he is still struggling with his academic work and failing every subject. His teachers describe him as being disruptive and oppositional in class. Teachers complain that he does not pay attention and is very playful as a result he fails to complete all his tasks that are meant to be completed in class. Peter’s parents were contacted and the mother asserted that Peter is very playful, he also gets frustrated when he has to do his homework. According to Schuck and Crinella (2005), ADHD students are not dumb, lazy or out of control, they are smart kids who need to be assisted in order to be successful. QUESTION 1 1. As a Mathematics teacher, list and explain the intervention strategies you would apply in your teaching in assisting a child who is like Peter and why do you think your strategies will be effective? Substantiate your response by giving examples (16)

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As a Mathematics teacher, I can apply a combination of different strategies, techniques, and accommodations tailored to meet Peter's needs. Here are some interventions that could be effective: 1. **One-on-One Instruction**: I would spend individual instruction time with Peter to ascertain his understanding level and to provide personalized tutoring. For example, I would sit with him during maths problems or stay after class to go over the lesson. This customized approach can help Peter at his struggling points directly. 2. **Use of Visual Aids**: Since ADHD children often are visual learner, I will employ color codes and graphics to explain math problems. For instance, diagrams, charts, or physical manipulatives can be used to make abstract math concepts more concrete and relatable. 3. **Breaking Down the Tasks**: Large assignments or complicated problems can seem daunting to Peter. To manage this, I would break down the tasks into smaller segments, allowing Peter to tackle one at a time. This also creates a sense of accomplishment when each task is completed. 4. **Interactive and Engaging Activities**: Peter's playfulness can be used as a strength. I would use games and puzzles that help him reinforce math concepts, like math bingo, Sudoku, etc., increasing his engagement and interest in math. 5. **Positive Reinforcement**: I would use positive reinforcement whenever Peter shows progress or stays focused. Praise, rewards, or class privileges can be used as incentives. This can motivate him to change his disruptive behavior. 6. **Use of Technology**: Introducing educational apps and software that offer interactive learning experiences can make learning more enjoyable for Peter. Platforms like Prodigy Game offers curriculum-aligned math games that adapt to the student's skill level. 7. **Regular Feedback to Parents**: Regular communication with Peter’s parents can help keep them informed about his progress and they can continue the strategies at home. 8. **Promote Organizational Skills**: Encourage Peter to use tools like planners, to-do lists, or calendars to manage homework and upcoming tests, which can improve his focus and reduce frustration. 9. **Mindful Environment**: Try to create a less distracting environment for Peter. E.g., Seating him away from windows or busy corridors. 10. **Collaborate with Other Professionals**: Work with school psychologists or speech-language pathologists to understand Peter's individual needs and to plan your instruction accordingly. Each of these strategies encourages learning and engagement in ways that cater to Peter's unique needs. By leveraging Peter's strengths and creating an inclusive learning environment, it's likely that these strategies will bolster his confidence, improve his math skills and reduce disruptive behaviours.

Answered by gpt-4

March 1, 2024, 5:37 a.m.

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Published: Friday, March 1, 2024

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