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Question: Consider an example of how you would use scaffolding according to Bruner’s approach in one of your specialist teaching subjects mathematics on functions. Write between 3 and 4 short paragraphs as your reflection.
Scaffolding, according to Jerome Bruner's educational approach, is a process wherein teachers model or demonstrate how to solve a problem, then step back and offer support as students learn to do it themselves. In the context of teaching functions in mathematics, scaffolding can be a vital strategy. My first step in this scaffolding approach, would be to directly instruct and model how to approach a basic linear function. I’d first elaborate the concept of functions, their composition, the variables and constant values, while I solve a simple problem. The important point is to not just show them how to get the answer, but to explain why each step is taken, thus giving students an understanding of the process and logic behind it. Next, I'd step back into a supportive role and let the students to try a similar problem on their own. I'd provide necessary guidances and cues to help them understand their task better. When they encounter difficulties, I would not simply offer the solution, but rather ask leading questions or offer hints that can guide them toward the solution. Finally, as the students gain confidence and develop skills required to solve these problems, I would gradually reduce the scaffolds, allowing them to solve more complex functions problems independently. This allows students to prove their understanding and capable of solving problems without the teacher's direct involvement. This strategy fosters student autonomy and it's evident Bruner's scaffolding approach is an effective technique in teaching mathematical concepts like functions.
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