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Question: Name all internal and external factirs hamlet faced in the play and thoroughly explain everything you named
Sure, Hamlet, the protagonist in William Shakespeare's play of the same name, faced numerous internal and external factors that significantly impacted his life and decisions. External Factors: 1. King Hamlet's Death: Hamlet's father's sudden death sets in motion the events of the play. Hamlet's actions, thoughts, and feelings are heavily influenced by this loss. The suspicion about the nature of his father’s death creates more tension and leads directly to Hamlet’s thirst for revenge. 2. Ghost's Revelation: The ghost of Hamlet's father reveals that he was murdered by Claudius, Hamlet's uncle. This shocking revelation fuels Hamlet's desire for revenge. It instills doubt, anger and quest for justice in Hamlet. 3. Claudius's Inheritance of the Throne: Claudius marries Hamlet's mother, Gertrude, shortly after King Hamlet's death, and takes the throne before Hamlet can assume his rightful role as king. This situation further angers and frustrates Hamlet, adding to his feelings of betrayal and injustice. 4. Ophelia and Polonius: Their constant observation and reporting of Hamlet's behavior contributes to the external pressure Hamlet experiences. Especially, Ophelia's rejection and her ensuing madness/death deeply impacts Hamlet. Internal Factors: 1. Neurotic Tendencies: Hamlet is often depicted as an introspective and neurotic character. He oscillates between inaction and rash actions throughout the play. His tendency for overthinking and his inability to act hastily is usually seen as his tragic flaw. 2. Desire for Revenge: Wracked with anger and dismay over his father’s murder, and filled with a lust for revenge on the suspected murderer, Hamlet is consumed by this desire. Yet, he consistently hesitates, leading to more turmoil. 3. Dealing with Grief: The death of Hamlet's father and his mother's almost immediate remarriage to Claudius leave him in profound grief and despair. Hamlet struggles with suicidal thoughts, expressing an explicit desire for the comfort of death. 4. Moral Conflicts: Hamlet is seen grappling with moral dilemmas. To obey his father's ghost and kill Claudius or to stay morally upright torments him. He also questions the societal norms and ideals, making him indecisive. 5. Struggle with Identity: Hamlet tries to discover who he truly is - a bereaved son, a betrayed prince, a lover, a moral philosopher, or a vengeful murderer. His multiple identities trouble him and his struggle with his sense of self fuels his existential crisis. Therefore, the complexities of Hamlet’s character are fleshed out by both his internal psychological realm and external circumstances. The interplay of these factors played a significant role in the development of the events and the tragic ending of the play.
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