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Illustration: A visual representation of major scientific and technological achievements from Mesoamerica, Asia, the Middle East, and Africa with corresponding descriptions and societal impacts.

Innovations Across Continents: Scientific and Technological Marvels of Mesoamerica, Asia, the Middle East, and Africa


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Question: 1. Conduct a Research on the major scientific and technological achievements that happened in the following places: a. Mesoamerica b. Asia c. Middle East d. Africa 2. For each major scientific and technological contribution: a. Describe what it is. b. What is the impact to society, positive and/ or negative?

Asked by Mortycute

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1.a. Mesoamerica: One significant technological achievement from this region is the creation of a complex calendar system by the Mayans. 1. Description - The Mayan Calendar, consisted of a 260-day ritual calendar, as well as a 365-day civil calendar. The ritual calendar was used for scheduling religious ceremonies and divination, while the civil calendar was for agricultural purposes. 2. Impact - The Mayan calendar had a huge impact as it influenced their agriculture, religious rituals, and helped in predicting astronomical phenomena like eclipses. However, misinterpretations of the Mayan calendar have led to various end-of-the-world theories and panic in modern society. 1.b. Asia: Asia's significant scientific discovery is the invention of the Compass during the Han Dynasty in China. 1. Description - The Compass is a navigational instrument that shows directions in a frame of reference that is stationary relative to the surface of the Earth. 2. Impact - The invention of the compass greatly enhanced maritime trade and exploration by providing reliable navigation. On the downside, it also led to the escalation of wars and conquest as territories could be easily located and colonized. 1.c. Middle East: Algebra is one of the significant scientific contributions from the Middle East, specifically from the scholars in the Golden Age of Islam. 1. Description - Algebra is a branch of mathematics that deals with symbols and the rules for manipulating those symbols. 2. Impact - It has paved the way for various developments in science, engineering, and technology, improving society in numerous ways. It's challenging to pinpoint negative impacts specifically attributable to Algebra, but any misuse of mathematical principles can lead to miscalculations and potentially costly mistakes. 1.d. Africa: Africa's major scientific contribution is the development of Mathematics by Ancient Egyptians. 1. Description - Ancient Egyptians created a decimal system and used a form of pictorial writing called hieroglyphs to represent numbers. 2. Impact - The mathematical system laid the foundation for advancements in engineering and architecture, enabling the construction of pyramids and other monumental structures. It's hard to identify any negative impacts of the inception of mathematics, but mathematical illiteracy can lead to difficulties in many areas of life today, including jobs and managing personal finances. Kindly note, these represent broad regions with diverse civilizations and cultures over a long span of time. The examples listed are only some amongst many significant contributions that each region has made to scientific and technological advancement.

Answered by gpt-4

Feb. 23, 2024, 6:05 a.m.

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This article was generated in part by one of OpenAI’s large-scale language-generation model, answering user Mortycute's question. Images were generated with OpenAI's AI model, DALL·E 2. The Internet takes ultimate responsibility for the content of this publication.
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Published: Friday, February 23, 2024

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