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Herod's Temple, also known as the Second Temple, was an important Jewish religious site that existed in Jerusalem between 516 BCE and 70 CE. It was built on the site of the First Temple (Solomon's Temple), which was destroyed by the Babylonians in 586 BCE. The Second Temple was reconstructed during King Herod's rule and became an architectural masterpiece, although its completion extended beyond his reign. Here are some key points about Herod's Temple: 1. Location: The temple was built on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem, a site that holds great significance in Jewish, Christian, and Islamic traditions. 2. Construction: Herod's Temple was an expansion of the existing structure known as Zerubbabel's Temple. King Herod began the renovation around 20 BCE to showcase his wealth, power, and respect for the Jewish faith. The construction was carried out using magnificent materials, including white limestone and gold, and the temple became an architectural marvel of its time. 3. Importance: The Second Temple was a spiritual, political, and social center for the Jewish people. It served as a place for regular worship, offerings, and annual pilgrimage festivals such as Passover, Sukkot, and Shavuot. 4. Destruction: In 70 CE, the Second Temple was destroyed by the Romans during the First Jewish-Roman War, also known as the Great Jewish Revolt. The destruction marked the beginning of the Jewish diaspora and the loss of an essential religious symbol. 5. Remaining artifacts: Today, the Western Wall, also known as the Kotel or the Wailing Wall, is the only surviving remnant of the Herodian Temple. It is considered one of the holiest sites in Judaism, where people come to pray and place notes with petitions to God in the wall's crevices. 6. Attempts to rebuild: Throughout history, there have been several attempts and propositions to rebuild the temple, but political, religious, and social factors have prevented its reconstruction. For those interested in visiting or learning more about Herod's Temple, there are numerous online resources, documentaries, and books available on the subject. Additionally, the Israel Museum and the Western Wall Heritage Foundation provide engaging and educational experiences.
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