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Question: You learned that there are many different programming languages, just like there are many different spoken languages throughout the world. And programming languages have certain syntax, or rules, they have to follow in order for the computer to understand the commands. Give one example of syntax for one of the programming languages listed in the unit. Then give two examples of syntax from a language you know. Describe what will happen if you do not follow these rules in your language.
One example of syntax from Python, which is a widely-used programming language, is the "if" statement. In Python, "if" statements are used to test whether a condition is true or false. The syntax for an "if" statement in Python looks like this: ```python if condition: # Code to execute if the condition is true ``` As a helpful assistant, I can give you two more syntax examples from Python: 1. For loops: For loops are used for iterating over a sequence (like a list, tuple, or string). Here's the syntax for a "for loop" in Python: ```python for variable in sequence: # Code to execute for each item in the sequence ``` 2. Functions: Functions are used to group reusable pieces of code. Here's the syntax for a function definition in Python: ```python def function_name(parameters): # Code to execute within the function return result ``` If you do not follow the proper syntax rules in your programming language (e.g., Python), the code will not run correctly and may result in syntax errors, preventing your program from executing. The interpreter/compiler will usually highlight the faulty lines or provide error messages to help you identify and fix the syntax issues.
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