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Plant nomenclature is the scientific naming of plants. Here are a few principles that guide the process: 1. Binomial Nomenclature: This is the most basic principle. Each plant is given a unique two-part name. The first part is the genus (a group of similar species) and the second part is the specific epithet which differentiates the plant from others in the same genus. 2. Priority: If a plant has been named more than once, the name which was first correctly published is the accepted one, regardless of how widely used the other names may be. 3. Typification: Each named taxon (group level of plant life such as family, genre, species etc.) should have a type specimen which serves as the reference material for that taxon. 4. Mononomial, Binomial, and Trinomial: Single names are used for plant families, two-part names are used for genera and species, and a three-part name is used for a subspecies, variety or form. 5. Rules of Latinization: All scientific names must be Latin or be Latinized, and they must fit a certain format. Species names should be nouns or adjectives, and should agree in gender with the name of the genus. 6. Freedom of Choice: In terms of naming newly discovered plants, the botanist who first publishes a name for that new plant has the right to choose any name they wish. 7. Adherence to Same Name: Once a name has been given to a plant, it cannot be given to another plant. These principles are codified in the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). A new version of the Code is usually published every 4 years to manage changes in understanding and discovery.
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