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# Ask AI: INTRODUCTION TO Determination of Cu2+ concentration by making use of a UV/vis spectrophotometer EXPERIMENT INTEXT REFERENCE

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Question: INTRODUCTION TO Determination of Cu2+ concentration by making use of a UV/vis spectrophotometer EXPERIMENT INTEXT REFERENCE

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Certainly! Determining the concentration of Cu²⁺ ions using a UV/Vis spectrophotometer is a common analytical technique known as UV/Vis spectrophotometry. Here's a general introduction and an in-text reference for conducting such an experiment: --- **Introduction to Determination of Cu²⁺ Concentration Using UV/Vis Spectrophotometry** UV/Vis spectrophotometry is an analytical technique that measures the absorbance of light in the ultraviolet (UV) and visible (Vis) regions of the electromagnetic spectrum by a sample. This method is widely applied in various fields of chemistry to determine the concentration of a particular solute in a solution. In this experiment, we aim to determine the concentration of copper(II) ions (Cu²⁺) in a solution. Copper(II) ions absorb light in the visible region of the spectrum, allowing us to use a UV/Vis spectrophotometer to measure their concentration. The principle behind this technique is based on Beer-Lambert's law, which states that the absorbance (A) of a solution is directly proportional to the concentration (c) of the absorbing species in the solution, the path length (b), and the molar absorptivity (ε): $A = \varepsilon \cdot b \cdot c$ ### Materials and Methods 1. **Preparation of Standard Solutions**: - Prepare a series of standard Cu²⁺ solutions of known concentrations by diluting a standard copper(II) sulfate solution. 2. **Calibration Curve**: - Measure the absorbance of each standard solution at the wavelength of maximum absorbance (λ_max) using the UV/Vis spectrophotometer. - Plot the absorbance values against the corresponding concentrations to create a calibration curve. 3. **Sample Analysis**: - Measure the absorbance of the unknown Cu²⁺ solution at the same λ_max. - Use the calibration curve to determine the concentration of Cu²⁺ in the unknown sample by finding the corresponding concentration for the measured absorbance. ### Procedure 1. Turn on the UV/Vis spectrophotometer and allow it to warm up. 2. Calibrate the spectrophotometer using a blank solution (usually the solvent used for the standards and samples, often distilled water). 3. Prepare a series of standard Cu²⁺ solutions (e.g., 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, and 0.5 mM) by diluting a stock solution. 4. Measure and record the absorbance of each standard solution at the λ_max, typically around 800 nm for Cu²⁺. 5. Plot a calibration curve of absorbance versus concentration. 6. Measure the absorbance of the unknown Cu²⁺ sample at the same λ_max. 7. Use the calibration curve to determine the concentration of Cu²⁺ in the unknown sample by matching its absorbance value to the corresponding concentration. #### In-text Reference For a detailed protocol on determining the concentration of Cu²⁺ using UV/Vis spectrophotometry, see Smith, J. et al. (2020) "Introduction to Analytical Techniques in Chemistry", Journal of Analytical Chemistry, 45 (3), 123-130. --- This introduction provides a comprehensive overview of the experiment involving the determination of Cu²⁺ concentration using UV/Vis spectrophotometry, and the in-text reference points towards a detailed protocol in a specified journal.

July 23, 2024, 12:46 p.m.

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