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Question: If Cartesian theory were truth, Is it possible to have "Ghosts in the machine" ?
In René Descartes' philosophy, often referred to as Cartesian Dualism or Mind-Body Dualism, he proposed that the mind and body are two fundamentally different types of substances: the mind being non-physical (or immaterial) and the body being physical (or material). If we take this theory as truth, then it could be possible to entertain the idea of 'Ghosts in the machine' in a very metaphorical sense. The phrase 'Ghosts in the machine' was introduced by philosopher Gilbert Ryle as a criticism of Descartes' theory, describing the idea that the mind ("ghost") influences the body ("machine") as fundamentally flawed. However, if we apply this term loosely, one could claim that the 'ghost' represents the mind or consciousness and the 'machine' represents the physical body. Therefore, from a Cartesian viewpoint of dualism, where mind and body interact, it's conceivable to consider the 'mind' as a 'ghost' within the 'machine' that is our body. However, it's important to note that this interpretation is vastly different from the modern, common understanding of 'ghosts' as supernatural entities. Descartes did not incorporate such elements in his philosophical constructs. Furthermore, Cartesian theory does not affirm the existence of 'ghosts' as traditionally understood or any other beliefs about afterlife or supernatural phenomenon.
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