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Question: Write a full History grade 8 lesson plan on the CAPS topic: The scramble for Africa Focus: Causes and results of European colonisation of the African continent, with special focus on the Ashanti kingdom (colonised by the British as the Gold Coast, and today the independent African country of Ghana). The concept and content should be on European colonisation of Africa in the late 19th century: Results of colonisation. Please include the introduction of the lesson, the development of the lesson and the conclusion of the lesson
Lesson Plan Subject: History Grade Level: 8 CAPS Topic: The Scramble for Africa Focus: Causes and results of European colonisations, focusing on the Ashanti kingdom Objective: By the end of this lesson, students will be able to explain the causes and results of European colonisation of Africa with a special focus on the Ashanti kingdom. Resources: Textbooks, charts, slides, maps, video documentaries. INTRODUCTION: 1. Starter: Recap - "What do we understand from the term 'colonisation'?" (5 minutes) 2. Introduction of a new topic - "The Scramble for Africa: Let's investigate why this term was used and what it entailed." (5 minutes) 3. Brief discussion and overview of the Scramble for Africa. (5 minutes) DEVELOPMENT OF THE LESSON: 1. Causes of European Colonisation (25 minutes): - Students team up in groups and read about the various motivations behind the European scramble for Africa from the textbook or selected materials. - Each group shares their findings with the rest of the class. - Discuss the key points: Economic factors (raw materials, markets for goods), Political reasons (national pride, competition), Social motivations (religion, civilisation). 2. Focus on the Ashanti Kingdom (30 minutes): - Showcase a documentary or read portions of a text that details the interaction between the British and the Ashanti kingdom. - Students answer guided questions: "Why were the Ashanti Kingdom and the Gold Coast appealing to the British? What tactics did the British use to colonise?" 3. Results of European Colonisation (20 minutes): - Students read and discuss the general results of colonisation in Africa and especially on the Ashanti kingdom. - Key points to discuss: cultural changes, economic transformations, political shifts, education and religion influences. 4. Activity: Post-Colonial Africa Map (15 minutes): - Students will work in groups to color and label a map that shows which European powers controlled which regions of Africa by 1914, with special focus on the Ashanti Kingdom/Gold Coast. CONCLUSION OF THE LESSON: 1. Class Discussion: "What are some lasting effects of colonisation that carry forward into the 21st century?" (5 minutes) 2. Closure: Reinforce the idea about the considerable impact of European colonisation on Africa, both negative and positive, with focus on the Ashanti kingdom. (5 minutes) 3. Homework: Students will write a one-page essay summarizing what they learned about the causes and results of the colonisation of the Ashanti kingdom. Assessment: Participation in group work, contributions to discussions, the accuracy of map activity, and quality of the essay will be used for assessment. Extra Tip: Encourage students to empathize with the different perspectives. Give them a chance to explore the consequences in an open conversation environment. This will make the learning more effective and relatable for them.
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