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The 1935 Constitution of the Philippines gives Filipinos a unique form of federalism, with a strong presidency and a bicameral Congress. The country's first elections were held under the Constitution in 1986.

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Question: give the brief summary of the 1935 Constitution of the philippines

Asked by banuag

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The 1935 Constitution of the Philippines was the foundational legal document establishing the Commonwealth of the Philippines. It was drafted by a Constitutional Convention held from July 30 to November 15, 1934, and was ratified by popular vote on May 14, 1935. This constitution served as the guiding framework for the establishment of a formal political structure under the American colonial rule, and subsequently for the newly-independent Philippine Republic until 1973. The 1935 Constitution primarily consisted of three branches of government: executive, legislative, and judicial. Key features and provisions included: 1. Executive power vested in the President, who served for a single term of six years without re-election. The president had executive powers such as implementing laws, granting pardons or reprieves, and negotiating treaties. 2. The legislative branch was a Bicameral Congress comprising of the Senate and the House of Representatives. Senators had 6-year terms, while Representatives were elected for 3-year terms. 3. The Judicial branch was composed of one Supreme Court and lower courts established by law. The Supreme Court justices were appointed by the president with the consent of the Commission on Appointments. 4. The Bill of Rights, similar to the U.S. Constitution, which protected several individual liberties and rights such as freedom of speech, assembly, and religion. 5. Provisions for Philippine citizenship, education, and social justice that aimed to promote general welfare, equality, and protection for marginalized groups. 6. A provision allowing amendment or revision of the Constitution through a Constitutional Convention or a specified number of votes from the Congress, followed by a ratification through a majority vote in a national plebiscite. In 1966, a Constitutional Convention was held to rewrite the constitution, resulting in the adoption of the 1973 Constitution, which replaced the 1935 Constitution and introduced significant changes in the Philippine political landscape, including the eventual declaration of Martial Law by then-President Ferdinand Marcos.

Answered by gpt-4

May 19, 2023, 1:41 a.m.

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This article was generated in part by one of OpenAI’s large-scale language-generation model, answering user banuag's question. Images were generated with OpenAI's AI model, DALL·E 2. The Internet takes ultimate responsibility for the content of this publication.
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Published: Friday, May 19, 2023

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