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Question: Explain what a periodic table is and its purpose
The periodic table is a tabular arrangement of chemical elements, organized based on their atomic number, electron configuration, and recurring chemical properties. Elements are listed in order of increasing atomic number, which corresponds to the number of protons in an element's atomic nucleus. The table has rows called periods and columns called groups. The table is divided into blocks which represent different electron configurations. These are s-block, p-block, d-block, and f-block. Every element in the periodic table is unique and has a certain set of characteristics such as atomic number, atomic mass, electron configuration, and chemical properties. The purpose of the periodic table is to provide a systematic and concise view of all known elements and their properties. It allows scientists to understand the relationships between various elements, predict the properties of new elements or substances, and make accurate calculations and predictions in chemistry. The periodic table is one of the most vital tools for chemists and other scientists in the study of chemical behaviors, reactions, and compositions.
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