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In 1954, psychologist Albert Bandura conducted the little albert experiment which explored the effects of reinforcement on behavior. The little albert experiment involved a toy, which was presented to a child every time he or she performed a desired task. The toy was eventually taken away, and the child's behavior was monitored to see how it changed in response to the removal of the reinforcement.

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Question: Discuss the little albert experiment with specific real life examples

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The Little Albert experiment was an experiment conducted by John B. Watson and his assistant Rosalie Raynor at Johns Hopkins University in 1920. In the experiment, Watson and Raynor sought to demonstrate the effect of classical conditioning on an 11-month-old infant named Albert B. In the experiment, Watson and Raynor trained Albert to develop a phobia of some objects by repeatedly pairing the presentation of a white rat with a loud, frightening noise. After several repetitions of this pairing, the mere sight of the rat became enough to cause Albert to cry or retreat. This showed that the infant's fear had been classically conditioned, or learned, by the association of the rat with the loud noise. The Little Albert experiment is still being studied today, as it provides insight into how fear can be acquired through learning. For example, a person who has experienced a traumatic event may develop feelings of fear and anxiety even when they are not in any immediate danger. This fear can be classically conditioned, as it was with Little Albert, by an association between the traumatic event and a stimulus which would otherwise not evoke fear. Thus, the association of the trauma with the stimulus can cause the person to experience fear and anxiety in response to the stimulus. Another example of real-life application of the Little Albert experiment is in understanding phobias. Just as Albert was conditioned to have a phobia of the rat, people can be conditioned to develop phobias of certain objects or situations. For example, a person who has experienced a traumatic event involving a snake may develop a phobia of snakes and experience fear and anxiety when seeing a snake, even when there is no immediate danger. As with Little Albert, the fear has been conditioned by the association of the snake with a traumatic event.

Answered by text-davinci-003

Jan. 22, 2023, 9:43 a.m.

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Published: Sunday, January 22, 2023

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