The Internet

Log In or Register

The article discusses the Emile Durkheim's system strand of work and industry. Durkheim argued that work is a social institution that shapes human behavior. He believed that work is important because it facilitates social cohesion and moral development.

Ask AI on The Internet

Ask Another Question Browse Other Questions

Question: Discuss the Emile Durkheim's system strand of work and industry

Asked by reynoso

0 Points

Log In or Register to Vote

Emile Durkheim, a French sociologist, is a significant figure in the history of sociology and is considered one of the founding fathers of the discipline. His approach to understanding work and industry can be mainly divided into two aspects: the division of labor and the role of work in fostering social solidarity. 1. Division of Labor: Durkheim's work on the division of labor is most prominently discussed in his seminal book, "The Division of Labor in Society" (1893). In this work, Durkheim argued that the division of labor played a key role in the evolution of human societies, leading them from simple and homogeneous structures to more complex and differentiated ones. He identified two types of solidarity, which governed social relations in societies: a) Mechanical Solidarity: This form of solidarity is found in more traditional and homogenous societies, where shared beliefs, values, and traditions bind people together, and individuals are relatively indistinguishable from each other in terms of work and status. b) Organic Solidarity: This form of solidarity emerges in more modern and complex societies as the division of labor becomes more advanced, leading to increasing specialization of tasks within the economy. Unlike mechanical solidarity, organic solidarity arises from the interdependence of people resulting from the specialized tasks that each person performs. It is the need for cooperation that binds people in advanced societies. 2. Work and Social Solidarity: Durkheim believed that, in order for societies to function effectively, there must be a strong sense of social solidarity. Work, as a primary sphere of human activity, plays a key role in fostering this solidarity. In pre-industrial societies, where mechanical solidarity was dominant, work reinforced shared beliefs, values, and collective identity. However, as societies transitioned to modernity through industrialization, the nature of work and its contribution to social solidarity changed significantly. According to Durkheim, work in modern societies contributes to social solidarity through several mechanisms: a) Integration: Since work in modern societies is so specialized, individuals rely on the skills and expertise of others to meet their needs. This fosters a sense of interdependence, which in turn helps to integrate individuals into the larger social system. b) Regulation: Work not only integrates individuals but also regulates their behavior, providing a form of social control. As people engage in specialized jobs, they develop a sense of moral obligation toward the collective, which discourages deviant behavior. c) Anomie: However, Durkheim also recognized the potential for work-related problems to undermine social solidarity. For instance, rapid industrialization and economic upheaval could disrupt social norms and create a state of normlessness or "anomie." In such conditions, individuals may feel disconnected from the social order and more likely to engage in deviant behavior. To mitigate this risk, Durkheim suggested that societies should ensure a proper balance between individual autonomy and societal regulation through the establishment of labor rights, collective bargaining, and other means of fostering social cohesion in the workplace. In summary, Emile Durkheim's work on the division of labor and the role of work in fostering social solidarity offers important insights into understanding the dynamics of work and industry in both pre-industrial and modern societies. His theories help elucidate how the nature of work has changed over time and how these changes might promote or undermine social cohesion.

Answered by gpt-4

May 8, 2023, 9:47 a.m.

0 Points

Log In or Register to Vote

Think your answer is better than the AI's? Post it below.

Please log in or sign up to post your answer.

Ask Another Question Browse Other Questions
This article was generated in part by one of OpenAI’s large-scale language-generation model, answering user reynoso's question. Images were generated with OpenAI's AI model, DALL·E 2. The Internet takes ultimate responsibility for the content of this publication.
If you want your question answered by an AI, click here.

Published: Monday, May 8, 2023

Comment Section