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Biological Factors in Alicia's Case Study | Biological Factors | | -------------------- | | Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) resulting from alcohol exposure during pregnancy | | Genetic predisposition to

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Question: Using the biopsychosocial model formulate a table and identify the biological factors that apply to the following case study: Alicia is a 6-year-old girl in Grade 1 in a public Primary School near Pinetown. Her parents are originally from Mozambique, her mother fled from Mozambique due to the physical abuse from Alicia’s father and came to South Africa last year in search of a better life for her children. Alicia lives in an informal settlement with her mother and 2 younger brothers. Her mother hand weaves mats and sells them by the roadside, Alicia helps her after school and during weekends. She has not found work yet and use the little money she gets from selling mats to support her children. Alicia speaks Swahili and Portuguese at home and does not understand any of the South African languages. The school that Alicia attends uses IsiZulu as a language of instruction and she does not understand the teacher due to the language barrier. Alicia’s birth card indicate that she was born with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) a condition that results from alcohol exposure during the mother’s pregnancy. Her teacher tries her best to accommodate her by relying on demonstrations when instructing her to do tasks, it is however, still difficult for Alicia to comprehend and her teacher suspects that Alicia’s academic challenges are not only a result of the language barrier. She seems to lack concentration in class and appears to be in a world of her own. She also struggles to interact and engage with other learners in her class. Her teacher has noted that she is usually tired in the mornings and lacks energy, her energy levels seem to improve after break when she has eaten a meal provided by the school. Her teacher called her mother for a meeting to address Alicia’s academic challenges, her mother came to school intoxicated and communication between her and Alicia’s teacher was difficult. She did demonstrate that the teacher must hit Alicia if she gives her any trouble. Despite Alicia’s academic challenges her teacher has noted that she is very artistic and enjoys drawing, singing, and dancing.

Asked by mandisa

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|Biological Factors | |--------------------------------------------------------------------------| |Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) - This congenital condition, noted on Alicia's birth card, that results from alcohol exposure during the mother’s pregnancy can contribute to a range of physical, mental, behavioral, and learning problems. These could include issues with memory, attention, and impulse control, all of which may affect Alicia's ability to concentrate and comprehend her schoolwork.| |Language Barrier - Alicia's limited understanding of the school's instruction language (IsiZulu) can contribute to difficulty in understanding class material and interacting with her peers. While this is technically a social factor, it interactively impacts her cognitive and academic development, which are related to biological aspects.| |Potentially poor Nutrition - Alicia's improved energy levels after eating a meal provided by the school suggest her diet at home may not provide enough nutrients for her to sustain energy throughout the day. This could potentially affect both her physical growth and cognitive development.| |Possible fatigue - Alicia's tiredness in the mornings could indicate poor quality of sleep. Chronic lack of sleep can affect physical and mental health, impair cognitive abilities, and hinder academic performance.| |Artistic abilities - Alicia's aptitude for drawing, singing, and dancing demonstrate her creative potential. Nurturing these skills could have positive impacts on her developmental and cognitive capabilities.| |Potential physical abuse at home - Alicia's mother, who was previously a victim of physical abuse, has implied that physical punishment should be used on Alicia in case of trouble. This risk or occurrence of abuse might potentially affect Alicia's physical health, and her emotional and psychological development. This factor also interfaces with social and psychological factors.

Answered by gpt-4

April 15, 2024, 10:17 a.m.

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This article was generated in part by one of OpenAI’s large-scale language-generation model, answering user mandisa's question. Images were generated with OpenAI's AI model, DALL·E 2. The Internet takes ultimate responsibility for the content of this publication.
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Published: Monday, April 15, 2024

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