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Question: 1. Explain the meaning of globalization 2. Describe the ultimate goal of comparative education 3. Explain 3factors that influence national educational systems. 4. Explain the organization structure of competency based curriculum . 5. Suppose you wanted to carry out a study on comparative education discuss any 3 approaches you would use.. 6. Highlight any contemporary issues facing education in kenya
1. Globalization refers to the process by which nations, economies, and societies are integrated through a global network of political ideas through transportation, communication, and trade. It involves the spread and interconnection of various aspects of society, including cultural, economic, political, and social norms and tendencies across the world. 2. The ultimate goal of comparative education is to identify best practices and methodologies in education through comparing and contrasting different educational systems. This can help bring about educational improvements in various systems around the globe by learning from others' strengths and addressing weaknesses. 3. Three factors that influence national educational systems are: a) Cultural Factors: The culture influences the content of education, teaching methods, learning preferences, and respect towards teachers and education in general. b) Economic Factors: The economic status of a country determines the resources allocated to the education sector which affects educational infrastructure, teacher pay, and availability of learning materials. c) Political Factors: The kind of political system and stability may impact the priorities in education, and consequently influence the national education system. 4. The organizational structure of a competency-based curriculum involves defining key competencies which every student needs to accomplish in each subject and grade level. The competencies are often divided into sub-competencies, each with precise learning outcomes. The curriculum is student-focused, emphasizing students' ability to demonstrate knowledge and skills they've learned. 5. Three approaches to conduct a study on comparative education include: a) The Historical Approach: Looking at the developmental aspects and evolution of an educational system. b) The Descriptive Approach: This involves outlining the salient features of different educational systems. c) Analytical Approach: This approach compares different elements of an educational system and investigates the causes behind their differences and similarities. 6. Some of the contemporary issues facing education in Kenya include insufficient funding, leading to a lack of resources, overcrowded classrooms, and inadequate infrastructure. There's also the issue of regional disparities in education, with children in rural areas having limited access to quality education. Lastly, issues with teacher recruitment and retention affect the delivery quality education. Limited access to education resulting from the current COVID-19 pandemic also can't be overlooked as online distance learning is a challenge due to inadequate infrastructure and resources.
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